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One of the most beautiful and expressive features of a cat’s face is its large eyes. The color of your cat’s eyes is often one of their most unique and magical characteristics, as they can often look like they change color depending on your cat’s mood! Cats can have a range of eye colors from blue to green to brown, but can cats have purple eyes?
Cats cannot have purple eyes. Although your cat’s eye color may appear purple under certain lights, no mammal has purple eyes. Depending on how dilated your cat’s pupils are at any given time of day, her eyes may appear purple.
If you think your cat’s eyes are starting to look purple, but seem to have a more bruised purple tint, that’s a reason to take your cat to the vet. Keep an eye out for brown or black spots on his eyes, which indicates that your cat has a health problem.
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What determines the color of cat eyes
One of the most important variables that determine a cat’s eye color is its breed. The genetics of each cat breed are generally predisposed to include a specific range of colors.
Cat eye color is determined by two factors: the layer of pigment cells, called melanocytes, at the back of the iris and whether these cells produce two types of pigment: brown (eumelanin) or yellow (pheomelanin) .
The color of your cat’s fur also plays an important role in its color. Although there are endless shades of each color, there is a lot of scientific data that determines what your cat’s eyes look like.
A cat’s coloring and breed both affect the amount of melanin production or pigmentation that takes place. Although there is some variability to this, and it’s not an exact science, some breeds like Siamese cats still have bright blue eyes.
It is not normal for a cat’s eye color to change once it is an adult. If you start to notice your cat’s eyes changing color, he may have an infection. Sometimes their eyes will turn orange, which may signal an inflammation problem.
Additionally, your cat’s eyes may darken if there is a problem with her red blood cells.
What color eyes can cats have
Cats most often have golden, brown, green or blue eyes. The most common eye color you will find in cats is a golden yellow/orange shade. The actual yellow color of your cat’s eyes can vary greatly from a pale yellow to a brighter color. It is the color of the eye that reflects the highest degree of melanocyte activity.
The second most common color in cats is green or a mixture of green and hazel. This reflects a slightly lower level of melanocytes and is the most common color in cats that live in more tropical and temperate climates.
Blue eyes are less common in cats and contain the lowest number of melanocytes. Generally, cats that have blue eyes will have lighter colored fur. Another fun fact about cat genetics: white cats with blue eyes are more likely to be deaf than any other type of cat.
What is the rarest eye color for cats
The rarest eye color to see is hazel or orange eyes for cats. Most cats have low levels of melanin in their eyes, which allows them to have very clear eyes.
Another fairly rare condition in cats is when cats have two different colored eyes. Cats that have two different colored eyes suffer from heterochromia. This name is of Greek origin and means “different” and “chromia”, which perfectly explains the condition of having two different eyes.
Heterochromia is a condition that occurs in many species and is not isolated to the cat family. The condition occurs when a gene for white spots blocks the pigment in the iris during the development of an eye.
This condition occurs most often in white colored cats such as the Turkish van. Cats can also have one eye with two different colors, such as half gold and half brown.
Rather, it is an anomaly, as the dominant white gene masks the distribution of pigments in one part of the eye. If your cat has one of these rare diseases, you should admire them, because they are very beautiful!
How do I know what color my cat’s eyes are?
You can determine your cat’s eye color based heavily on her genetics and by looking at your cat’s parents. One thing to note is that you won’t be able to tell what your cat’s eye color is from birth.
Cats are born with their eyes closed and it takes them seven to ten days before their eyes begin to open.
Most cats are born with cloudy blue eyes, but that doesn’t mean they will always have blue eyes.
Usually, when a cat is about six weeks old, their eye color will begin to change, and by the time they are a few months old, you can tell with more certainty what their adult eye color will be.
Unless you have a cat with white or very light fur, you should expect her eyes to start changing color around three or four months.
There is a connection between cat eye color and cat pedigree. Generally, cats with more pedigree will have more distinct eye color than a tabby cat. A Russian Blue cat will have bright green eyes, while Burmese cats have very bright golden eyes.
The mystery of whether some rare cats have purple eyes is an urban myth that most cat owners have heard often. Although it’s sadly impossible to see a cat with purple eyes in real life, it’s just one of the many rumors surrounding cats. There are many myths surrounding cats that are entirely false.
For example, you’ve heard the myth that all cats hate water. It’s wrong! Some cat breeds like Bengals love water and will jump into your bathtub on their own.
To go even further, some cats are also great swimmers. The big cats you find in the wild like leopards and jaguars are also excellent swimmers and use water as an important means of finding food.
Another myth that isn’t entirely true is that cats always land on their paws. Although cats are quite agile and have a built-in righting reflex that helps your cat orient itself if it falls, it’s not one hundred percent accurate of the time.
It’s fair to say that cats are great at regaining their balance, but they can still hurt themselves if they land incorrectly or fall from great heights.